Writing an effective conclusion
- June 1, 2016
- Posted by: Admin
- Category: NEWS ROOM
Please note that although this article specifically relates to persuasive essays, almost all types of academic essays require a conclusion, so it is best practice to include one wherever possible.
When writing an essay, it is important to end in a way that reinforces the purpose and encourages the reader to continue to consider it after they have finished reading. Doing so reminds the reader of the point of the essay and allows them to see how our essays connect to the larger topic. To do this, academic writers make use of a conclusion section which follows the body of their essay.
The conclusion ends the essay and serves to summarize its purpose and arguments. As such, the section does not introduce any new information or evidence; instead, it synthesizes the essay’s information to enable the reader to see how all the arguments connect. By doing this, the writer is able to reinforce their position and remind the reader of their key points.
As the conclusion is the last section that the reader will read, it is the last chance for the writer to create a lasting impression, so the writer needs to ensure the conclusion is structurally strong. An effective conclusion achieves this by being structured to include a transition, restatement of the thesis, summary of arguments and a concluding statement.
Transition: The conclusion section will begin with a short transition to signal that the conclusion is beginning. This informs the reader that the argument section of the essay has been completed and that the writer is progressing to the final section.
This transition usually only need to be a few words. Transitions of conclusion that you can use include: overall, all in all, in summation, in conclusion, and to conclude.
Example: All in all, the return on investments is not significant.
Restatement of Thesis: After the transition, the conclusion immediately follows with a reworded restatement of the primary thesis, which is your overall purpose for writing. This restatement reminds the reader of the overall purpose of the essay and reinforces the idea.
Original Thesis: Marsupials living in the Sydney West region have become increasingly endangered over the past five years.
Restatement of Thesis: Overall, Sydney West’s marsupials are becoming increasingly endangered.
Summary of Ideas: After restating the thesis, you can show how you’ve proven it by summarizing the main points of your arguments. Effective summaries will show how the combination of arguments combines to prove the thesis.
Example: Through raising awareness of effective waste disposal and water usage issues, the NSW Government would be able to diminish several of the negative effects associated with this matter.
Final thoughts: The end of the conclusion is a little broader and will change depending on the content of your essay. In general, it should end on a broader statement that shows how your essay is significant to the broader topic. For instance, if your essay is explaining that there is a rising trend of consumers buying watches made in China, then you could conclude by suggesting that further research could investigate whether China made electronics are becoming more desirable in the market.
Example: Trends like these could suggest that there will be further developments in the field in the future.
Concluding Statement: The concluding statement finishes the essay and serves to provide a sense of completion. As the concluding statement is the final item that the reader will encounter, it needs to use a strong and memorable sentence structure.
One way to do this is to use a complex sentence. This is a sentence comprising of a dependent clause and an independent clause. These sentences are relatively uncommon in English; thus, they are eye-catching and appealing to the reader.
Example: While there are no significant factors currently effecting the model, business owners should remain vigilant to ensure that no risks arise in the future.
Another memorable way to write your concluding statement is to end by using parallel structure. This a repetition of items of the same grammatical class, such as adverbs, adjectives, verbs or nouns. This structure can be very appealing to English native speakers and it also conveys a strong sense of finality.
Let’s look at some examples from different grammatical classes:
As a result, students will be able to walk to school knowing they are secure, welcome and safe.
These programs will be of great benefit to investors, managers and employees.
Environmental protection groups need to take action in order to ensure that such issues are dealt with quickly, economically and safely.
As such, younger students will find that joining these groups is a wonderful way to share, to create and to learn.
While writing a conclusion to your essays can initially seem daunting, it becomes much easier when you are able to break it down to its necessary components. By including a transition, thesis restatement, summary and concluding statement, you’ll ensure that your points will be reinforced and that the reader will have a sense of closure.
1st June, 2016